What is CBC Complete blood count test

What is CBC Complete blood count test

What is CBC Complete blood count test:

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The CBC complete blood count test, or CBC, the test is used to find or lists a number of many important values. Normally,  CBC Complete blood count test includes the following:

 

  • White blood cell count (WBC or leukocyte count) in Count per micro liter of blood
  • Red blood cell count (RBC or erythrocyte count) in Count per micro liter of blood
  • Hemoglobin (Hbg) in Gram per deci liter
  • Hematocrit (Hct) in Percentage
  • Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in FL
  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) pg
  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) in gram per dL (Deci Liter)
  • Platelet count per micro liter
  • Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) in fL
  • Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) in fL
  • Lymphocyte in %
  • MXD in %
  • NEUT in %
  • LYM # in count per micro liter
  • MXD # in count per micro liter
  • NEUT # in count per micro liter
  • RDW – SD in fL
  • RDW- CV in %
  • P-LCR in %
  • Research chW in count per micro liter
  • Research chS in in count per micro liter
  • Research chM in in count per micro liter
  • Research chL in in count per micro liter.

 

CBC Complete blood count test of Mine:

CBC Complete blood count test:

White blood cell count (WBC) is the number of white blood cells in a volume of blood. Normal range varies slightly between laboratories but is generally between 4,300 and 10,800 cells per cubic millimeter (cmm). This can also be referred to as the leukocyte count and can be expressed in international units as 4.3 to 10.8 x 109 cells per liter.

Red cell count (RBC) signifies the number of red blood cells in a volume of blood. Normal range varies slightly between laboratories but is generally from 4.2 to 5.9 million cells/cmm. This can also be referred to as the erythrocyte count and can be expressed in international units as 4.2 to 5.9 x 1012 cells per liter.

Hemoglobin (Hb). This is the amount of hemoglobin in a volume of blood. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule within red blood cells that carries oxygen and gives blood its red color. Normal range for hemoglobin is different between the sexes and is approximately 13 to 17.5 grams per deciliter for men and 12 to 15.5 for women (international units 8.1 to 11.2 millimoles/liter for men, 7.4 to 9.9 for women).

Hematocrit (Hct). This is the ratio of the volume ofred cells to the volume of whole blood. Normal range for hematocrit is different between the sexes and is approximately 45% to 50% for men and 37% to 45% for women. This is usually measured by spinning down a sample of blood in a test tube, which causes the red blood cells to pack at the bottom of the tube.

Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is the average volume of a red blood cell. This is a calculated value derived from the hematocrit and red cell count. Normal range may fall between 80 to 100 femtoliters (a fraction of one millionth of a liter).

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) is the average amount of hemoglobin in the average red cell. This is a calculated value derived from the measurement of hemoglobin and the red cell count. Normal range is 27 to 32 picograms.

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) is the average concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of red cells. This is a calculated volume derived from the hemoglobin measurement and the hematocrit. Normal range is 32% to 36%.

Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) is a measurement of the variability of red cell size and shape. Higher numbers indicate greater variation in size. Normal range is 11 to 15.

Platelet count. The number of platelets in a specified volume of blood. Platelets play a vital role in blood clotting. Normal range varies slightly between laboratories but is in the range of 150,000 to 400,000/ cmm (150 to 400 x 109/liter).

Mean Platelet Volume (MPV). The average size of platelets in a volume of blood.

What is the Use of Complete Blood Count CBC tests:

High WBC count (leukocytosis) may signify an infection somewhere in the body or, less commonly, it may signify an underlying malignancy. A low WBC count (leukopenia) may point toward a bone marrow problem or related to some medications, such as chemotherapy. A doctor may order the test to follow the WBC count in order to monitor the response to a treatment for an infection. The components in the differential of the WBC count also have specific functions and if altered, they may provide clues for particular conditions.

 

A low red blood cell count or low hemoglobin may suggest anemia, which can have many causes. Possible causes of high red blood cell count or hemoglobin (erythrocytosis) may include bone marrow disease or low blood oxygen levels (hypoxia).

 

A low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) may be the cause of prolonged bleeding or other medical conditions that affect the production of platelets in the bone marrow. Conversely, a high platelet count (thrombocytosis) may point toward a bone marrow problem or severe inflammation.

More Information Visit: https://www.medicinenet.com/complete_blood_count/article.htm

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